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KEBUDAYAAN NUSANTARA LAHIR, TUMBUH, DEWASA DAN MATI …. ;-)

Filed under: CATATAN DAN RENUNGAN — Tag: , , , — KING JAZZ (Bayu Wirawan) @ 03.25

KEBUDAYAAN NUSANTARA LAHIR, TUMBUH, DEWASA DAN MATI …. ūüėČ

Posisi Budaya Lokal Dalam Era Ekonomi Kreatif

Tari Barong Dan Kecak Di Bali Menjadi Andalan Pariwisata Dalam Era Globalisasi Saat Ini. Kebanyakan Turis Mencari Hiburan Yang Khas Dari Suatu Daerah Untuk Memuaskan Keinginan Tahunya Dan Mencari Nilai Keindahan Dari Budaya Daerah Yang Dikunjunginya.

Indonesia Dengan Keberagaman Budaya Lokalnya Memiliki Posisi Strategis Dalam Era Globalisasi Yang Telah Mendorong Berkembangnya Ekonomi Kreatif. Ekonomi Kreatif Memfokuskan Diri Pada Kekayaan Budaya. Dalam Era Globalisasi, Budaya Lokal Merupakan Salah Satu Mata Air Ekonomi Yang Potensial Bagi Suatu Bangsa. Budaya-Budaya Lokal Perlu Dilestarikan Agar Terjaga Dari Serangan Virus Berbahaya Yang Mengakibatkan Kepunahan.  Salah Satu Cara Melestarikan Adalah Dengan Proses Pewarisan Nilai Budaya Kepada Generasi Muda. Setiap Karya Budaya Akan Tetap Lestari Bila Ia Mampu Menyempurnakan Diri Dengan Penampilan-Penampilan Yang Bisa Mengena Terhadap Generasi Muda. Dalam Era Ekonomi Kreatif, Pewarisan Budaya Kepada Generasi Muda Dan Kesiapan Mereka Untuk Mengelola Aset Merupakan Kata Kunci Dalam Proses Pelestarian Budaya.

 

Hukum Alam Yang Perlu Menjadi Perhatian

Hukum Alam Merumuskan Bahwa Yang Lahir Dan Tumbuh Akhirnya Akan Mati. Setelah Mencapai Titik Tertinggi Perkembangan Dimulailah Jalan Menurun Menuju Ketiadaan. Untuk Mempertahankan Spesiesnya Makhluk Hidup Membuat Generasi Baru Yang Sesuai Dengan Kondisi Lingkungan Setempat. Dinosaurus Dan Mastodon Sudah Tidak Ada, Tetapi Reptilia Dan Gajah Tetap Eksis. DNA Yang Dikandung Dinosaurus Dan Mastodon Masih Ada Yang Terbawa Setelah Jutaan Tahun Berlalu.

Seorang Master Spiritual Yang Sudah ‚ÄúCerah‚ÄĚ Pun Masih Selalu Berkembang. Begitu Dia Puas Dengan Dirinya Dan Tidak Mau Berkembang Lagi Maka Penurunan Akan Mengikutinya. Hukum Alam Itu Berbunyi Berkembang Atau Mati Pelan-Pelan. Tubuh Manusia Dalam Waktu Satu Tahun Sudah 90% Selnya Berganti. Air Yang Lewat Di Bengawan Solo Pada Saat Ini Sudah Berbeda Dalam Dua Detik Kemudian. Cuaca Yang Sejuk Di Solo Zaman Dahulu Sudah Berubah Menjadi Lebih Panas.

Perubahan-Perubahan Yang Terjadi Adalah Wajar Dan Selaras Dengan Alam Yang Selalu Berubah. Pakem-Pakem Atau Aturan-Aturan Dari Lembaga-Lembaga Yang Terlalu Membelenggu Juga Tidak Selaras Dengan Alam. Semuanya Selaras Pada Waktunya Dan Harus Berubah Menyesuaikan Diri Dengan Keadaan Seiring Dengan Perubahan Zaman. Esensinya Atau Hakikinya Boleh Saja Tidak Berubah, Tetapi Penampilannya Perlu Penyesuaian. Dalam Bidang Spiritual, Esensinya Adalah Bagaimana Manusia Meniti Jalan Yang Lurus Untuk Kembali Keharibaan-Nya. Kelompok-Kelompok Yang Terbelenggu Oleh Ikatan Yang Dibuat Secara Eksklusif Pada Zamannya, Menjadi Potensi Friksi Yang Dapat Mengganggu Di Kemudian Hari.

Sudah Tidak Lucu Lagi Bagi Seorang Kepala Negara, Setiap Memimpin Pertemuan Kabinet Memakai Surjan Dan Blangkon Dengan Keris Dipinggangnya. Kelompok Yang Bahkan Menginginkan Kembali Memakai Model Pakaian Dari Budaya Zaman Dahulu Tidak Akan Bertahan Lama Dalam Pemakaian Model Pakaian Tersebut. Bisa Saja Nampak Berkembang Karena Ephoria Dan Dikembangkan Dalam Mencari Dukungan Politik Dengan Tujuan Tertentu.

 

Esensi Pelestarian Kebudayaan 

Secara Alamiah Segala Sesuatu Mengalami Evolusi. Secara Alamiah Pula Sebuah Aksi Tindakan Akan Mendapatkan Reaksi Akibat. Untuk Melestarikan Budaya Diperlukan Aksi Tindakan Yang Tepat Untuk Mewariskan Nilai-Nilai Budaya Terhadap Generasi Penerus. Yang Perlu Diperhatikan Adalah Power Of Will, Kehendak Yang Kuat, Power Of Knowingness, Pemahaman Dan Skill Dan Power Of Action, Tindakan Nyata. That Is The Way To Success, Itulah Jalan Menuju Keberhasilan. Bangkitlah Wahai Anak Keturunan Sriwijaya Dan Majapahit.

 

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KING JAZZ (BAYU WIRAWAN) | Home

Filed under: CURRICULUM VITAE (C.V),DIGITAL AUDIO RECORDING,KARYA-KARYA MASTERPICES,KNOWLEDGEMENT — Tag: — KING JAZZ (Bayu Wirawan) @ 10.21

KING JAZZ (BAYU WIRAWAN) | Home.

The Bayu Wirawan (KING JAZZ) Maestro Musics Download’s¬†Center¬†for¬†Everyone¬†in This Planet. ūüėČ

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DIGITAL SAMPLING … WHAT IS THAT.. !!???..

Filed under: DIGITAL AUDIO RECORDING,KNOWLEDGEMENT — Tag: , — KING JAZZ (Bayu Wirawan) @ 09.42

DIGITAL SAMPLING

The controversy surrounding digital sampling has generated quite a bit of misunderstanding among musicians. For instance, many musicians are under the misperception that it is OK to sample anything less than 4 bars of another song. In fact, sampling just a few notes may be enough to cause legal problems.

IS DIGITAL SAMPLING LEGAL?

Most legal experts believe the issue of digital sampling was resolved in 1991, when a Federal District Court ruled that Biz Markie’s use of a few notes from the chorus of Gilbert O’Sullivan hit song “Alone Again, Naturally” amounted to copyright infringement. In addition to citing to the Ten Commandments (“Thou shalt not steal”), the judge barred any further sale of Biz Markie’s album and referred to matter to the U.S. Attorney for possible criminal prosecution. Another court later ruled that sampling phrases like “ooh” “move” and “free your body” may also be enough to find copyright infringement.

Digital sampling may not just violate copyright laws. Failure to obtain permission before sampling a distinctive voice may also violate certain state laws recognizing that famous personalities have a “right of publicity.” A few years ago Tom Waits successfully sued Frito Lay for using an imitation of his distinctive vocal style in a commercial. Bette Midler also won a lawsuit against Ford Motor Co. for imitating her voice in a television commercial without her permission. Sampled artists may also have a claim for unfair competition if their voice or “persona” are used without permission.

IS DIGITAL SAMPLING PROTECTED AS FAIR USE?

So far, no court has ruled on whether digital sampling may be protected as fair use. However, legal experts agree that for a sample to qualify as fair use, it must be used for purposes such as parody, criticism, teaching, news reporting, research or some non-profit use. Using a sample merely because it sounds good is simply not enough to qualify for protection as fair use. [Note: For more information on music and fair use, click back to my recent Fine Print column on the fair use exception to copyright infringement.]

OBTAINING SAMPLE CLEARANCES

To legally sample a song, it is necessary to obtain permission from the copyright holder of the sound recording (usually the record company) and the copyright holder of the composition (usually the song’s publisher). Permission from the owner should also be sought when sampling a television show or motion picture.

Artists should obtain permission from all copyright owners before any song containing a sample is distributed publicly. Waiting until after your record is distributed can result in lost income, expensive legal fees and the removal of your record from the market. Releasing your record before obtaining clearances also reduces your bargaining power if you later attempt to negotiate a sample license.

HOW TO CLEAR A SAMPLE:

Music attorneys often clear samples, although this can be somewhat expensive. Clearance agencies are usually cheaper, and many are familiar with licensing samples. Record companies can also clear samples for their artists, but the cost of negotiating and obtaining clearances will later be deducted from any recording advance or royalties the artist may be entitled to.

Of course, you may decide to obtain a sample license yourself. To clear samples, it is necessary to write to the record company and publisher of the sampled song. ASCAP or BMI will likely have the publisher’s current address. In your letter, ask for a quote for a clearance fee, and identify the song you are sampling and how much is used. Don’t forget to include a tape of the original song, as well as a copy of your unreleased song using the sample.

In granting a license, a record company may seek a flat-fee of anywhere from $100 to $5,000, or possibly more. Record companies may also seek a royalty (from $.01 to $.07 per record sold) as well as an advance. Music publishers may also ask for a flat fee or a percentage of income from the new song, or both. Depending on how the sample is used, some publisher may also demand a percentage of copyright ownership in the new composition. Because copyright owners are not obligated to grant clearances, you may have no choice but to comply with the owner’s asking price, or remove the sample. Of course, a copyright owner may also deny permission to use a sample.

Different factors affect how much money a record company or music publisher will want for a sample. Price may vary depending on how much of the sample is used, how many other samples are used, whether your song has already been released, and the type of rights a record company is willing to grant. For example, a music publisher may choose to license a sample for sound recordings only. In this case, you would be unable to use your song containing the sample in a motion picture, video or CD-Rom without an additional license from the music publisher.

Finally, to keep costs down, some artists choose to create their own samples by first recording their own “cover” version of the sampled song. By using this technique, an artist avoids having to obtain a clearance from the original record company. Nevertheless, when creating your own sample based on another song, you will still need to obtain a clearance from the music publisher of the original composition.

CONCLUSION:

Scratching and sampling has created some of this century’s most vital and expressive music, bridging the gap between popular and experimental composition. Nevertheless, using a sample without permission violates two copyrights – the copyright in the sound recording and the copyright in the underlying composition. Because the cost of legitimately clearing samples cuts into an artist’s record advance and royalty rate, it is understandable why many young artists later create their own samples in the studio after they become established acts.

While a sample of 1 or 2 notes is OK only if it is taken from a non-essential or commonly used phrase, another sample of 1 or 2 notes may be infringing if taken from a musically significant part of a song. Thus, taking the recognizable word “Help” from the Beatles’ song, or appropriating the distinctive style of an artist’s performance, such as James Brown’s unique scream, would constitute an infringement. Because there is no hard and fast rule on what is safe to sample, the best advice is “When in doubt, obtain a license.”

Taken From http://www.alankorn.com/articles/sampling.html

Alan Korn
Law Office of Alan Korn
1840 Woolsey Street
Berkeley, CA 94703
Ph: (510) 548-7300
Fax: (510) 540-4821
[email protected]
www.alankorn.com

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