PRAKEMPA

April 24th, 2012
  1. A.    Prakempa Sebagai Seni Sastra

Prakempa sebagai salah satu dari karya seni sastra yang menguraikan tentang gambelan Bali tak dapat dipisahkan eksistensinya dari karya seni sastra yang lain. Dilihat dari segi bentuknya Prakempa merupakan sebuah prosa yang menggunaka bahasa Jawa Kuna (Kawi) dan ditulis dengan huruf Bali yang bagus ujudnya. Sebelum menguraikan Prakempa sebagai karya seni  sastra yang bermutu tinggi, penting kiranya diuraikan karya seni sastra lainnya untuk memperoleh gambaran tentang  kedudukan Prakempa di tengah-tengah seni sastra  Bali lainnya.

Seni sastra Bali purba yang berkembang pada zaman Pra-Hindu merupakan seni sastra rakyat yang bersifat tradisi lisan dan dipelajari turun-temurun dari satu generasi ke generasi lainnya. Seni sastra rakyat ini walaupun mengalami perubahan zaman, ia tetap berkembang subur dikalangan masyarakat Bali. Adapun jenis-jenis  sastra (kesusastraan) ini meliputi I Buta teken I Bongol (Si Buta dan Si Tuli), Pan Sugih teken Pan Tiwas (Pak Kaya dan Pak Miskin),  Men Bekung (Ibu Mandul), Men Bunting (Ibu Hamil) dan lain sebagainya (Bagus, 1952: 55).

Adanya hubungan Bali dan Jawa yang dimulai sejak abad ke-8 menyebabkan seni sastra Bali dipengaruhi oleh seni sastra Hindu Jawa yang dinamakan Pracasti Bebetin. Pracasti Bebetin sendiri dibuat atas nama Raja Ugrasena di Bali (Goris, 1952: 55. Pada pemerintahan raja-raja di Bali, kecuali munculnya seni sastra yang mengandung isi filsafat, astronomi, etnik dan lainsebagainya, berkembang juga seni sastra Ithihasa, yaitu seni sastra yang terdiri dari bermacam-macam tembang.

Dewasa ini hampir seluruh seni sastra yang disebutkan di muka masih terpelihatra baik di Bali, tersimpan dalam perpustakaan perseorangan, maupun dalam perpustakaan lontar yang terbesar di Bali yaitu di Gedong Kirtya di Singaraja. Menurut katalog yang diterbitkan oleh Gedong Kirtya yang klasifikasinya disusun oleh Nyoman Kajeng, maka dari ribuan lontar yang menjadi milik perpustakaan tersebut dapat diklasifikasikan sebagai berikut :

  1. Weda (Weda, Mantra dan Klapasastra)
  2. Agama (Palakerta, Sasana, dan Niti)
  3. Wariga (Wariga, Tutur, Kanda dan Usada)
  4. Ithihasa (Parwa, Kakawin, Kidung dan Uwug)
  5. Babad (Pamancangah, Usana dan Uwug)
  6. Tantri (Tantri dan Satua)
  7. Lelampahan (memuat lakon Gambuh, Arja, Wayang dan lain-lainnya)

 

 

B. Empat Unsur Pokok

Seperti hipotese yang diajukan pada penelitian ini, sudah mulai jelas bahwa lontar Prakempa memiliki empat unsur pokok yaitu :

– Filsafat atau Logika

– Etika atau Susila

– Estetika (Lango)

 – Teknik menabuh dalam gambelan Bali (Gegebug)

Filsafat atau Logika di dalam lontar Prakempa ini  diawali demgan sebuah manggala yaitu permohonan maaf dari pengarangnya sendiri atas kelancangan dan keberanian menulis naskah Prakempa itu.

 Orang Bali, di mana pun ia berada dan apa pun yang ia perbuat, konsep keseimbangan hidup ini akan menjadi dasar filsafat atau logika yang tercantum dalam lontar Prakempa, konsep keseimbangan hidup manusia itu dapat terwujud dalam beberapa dimensi, yaitu :

  1. Keseimbangan hidup manusia dalam dimensi tungal.
  2. Keseimbangan hidup manusia dalam dimensi dualistis.
  3. Keseimbangan hidup manusia dalam dimensi tiga.
  4. Keseimbangan hidup manusia dalam empat dimensi.
  5. Keseimbangan hidup manusia dalam dimensi lima.
  6. Keseimbangan hidup manusia dalam dimensi enam.
  7. Keseimbangan hidup manusia dalam dimensi tujuh.
  8. Keseimbangan hidup manusia dalam dimensi delapan.
  9. Keseimbangan hidup manusia dalam dimensi sembilan.
  10. Keseimbangan hidup manusia dalam dimensi sepuluh.

Keseluruhan dimensi (konsepsi) keseimbangan hidup manusia di atas menjadi dasar falsafah dari perwujudan lontar Prakempa itu dan konsepsi keseimbangan itu akan muncul secara satu-persatu dalam lontar itu.

            Menurut filsafah Prakempa bahwa bunyi (suara) mempunyai kaitan yang erat dengan konsepsi lima dimensi yang dinamakan Panca Mahabhuta, yaitu Pertiwi, Bayu, Apah, Teja dan Akasa. Bunyi dengan warna masing-masing menyebar keseluruh penjuru bumi dan akhirnya membentuk sebuah lingkaran yang disebut Lingkaran Pengider Bhvana. Pencipta dari bunyi itu bernama Bhagawan Wiswakarma dan ciptaan beliau mengambil ide dari bunyi (suara) 8 (delapan) penjuru dunia yang sumbernya berada pada dasar bumi. Suara-suara (bunyi) itu dibentuk menjadi 10 (sepuluh) nada yaitu 5 (lima) nada Pelog dan 5 (lima) nada Slendro. Nada-nada itu mempunyai kaitan dengan Panca Tirta dan Panca Geni, dua sumber keseimbangan hidup manusia.

            Laras Pelog mempunyai hubungan dengan Panca Tirta dan laras Slendro berkaitan dengan Panca Geni. Panca Tirta merupakan manisfetasi dari Bhatara Smara dan Panca Geni merupakan manisfetasi dari Bhatari Ratih. Dari 10 (sepuluh) nada yang dijiwai Smara dan Ratih sebagai Dewa Percintaan bersumber pada 7 (tujuh) buah nada yang urutan nadanya sebagai berikut : ding, dong, deng, deung, dung, dang, daing. Ketujuh nada di atas merupakan sumber bunyi dalam gambelan Bali dan menurut Prakempa bunyi (suara) itu disebut Genta Pinara Pitu (bunyi berjarak tujuh) (alenia : 7-10).

Etika atau Susila sebagai sebuah hasil kesusastraan, Prakempa merupakan sumber etika  masyarakat dan dapat dijadikan bahan pelajaran etika bagi masyarakat Bali. Etika adalah suatu kebiasaan, adat atau tata susila tentang kehidupan  masyarakat. Dibahasnya berjenis konsep keseimbangan hidup manusia dalam berbagai dimensi di atas, member petunjuk pada kita bahwa Prakempa ini mempersoalkan masalah etika, khusunya dipandang dari sudut perbuatan baik dan buruk manusia.

Estetika (lango) pembahasan mengenai estetika gambelan dalam lontar Prakempa berintikan unsure-unsur laras (tangga nada) dan tabuh (struktur lagu). Menurut naskah ini, gambelan Bali memiliki 4 (empat) jenis laras Pelog 5 (lima) nada dan laras Slendro 4 (empat) nada. Semua laras-laras itu bersumber pada separangkat gambelan yang bernama gambelan Genta Pinara Pitu (alenia 26, 27, 28, 29, 30). Disamping menguraikan laras dalam gambelan Prakempa juga menguraikan laras dalam vocal, dan laras-laras itu disebutnya sebagai suara mantra, sruti, agosa, anugosa, undantya, anudantya, adana sika dan bhuh loka. Kedelapan laras tersebut digunakan dalam tembang-tembang seperti tembang Gede : Weda, Sruti, Mantra, Wirama dan tembang Tengahan : Kidung atau Malat, sedangkan laras yang terdapat dalam macapat : Dhurma, Sinom, Adri, Ginada dan lain-lainnya.

Gegebug (teknik) aspek terakhir yang menjadi sorotan yang cukup tajam dari pengarang lontar Prakempa ini adalah gagebug atau teknik menabuh gambelan. Gagebug merupakan suatu hal pokok dalam gambelan Bali. Gagebug atau teknik permainan bukan hanya sekedar keterampilan memukul dan menutup bilahan gambelan, tetapi mempunai konotasi yang lebih dalam daripada itu. Gagebug mempunyai kaitan yang erat dengan orkestrasi dan menurut Prakempa bahwa hmpir setiap instrument mempunyai gagebug tersendiri dan mengandung aspek “physical behavior” dari instrument tersebut. Sifat fisik dari instrument-instrumen yang terdapat dalam gambelan member keindahan masing-masing pada penikmatnya.

2.817 Responses to “PRAKEMPA”

  1. Arron Lopus berkata:

    This is the right website for anybody who wants to find out about this topic. You realize a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa). You certainly put a brand new spin on a subject that’s been discussed for decades. Great stuff, just excellent!|

  2. Lennwu berkata:

    ivermectin tablets for humans – buy stromectol pills generic ivermectin cream

  3. Mogmuu berkata:

    azithromycin 500mg pills – zithromax 250mg buy azithromycin

  4. Hbwaij berkata:

    casino slots gambling – online slots real money casino online gambling

  5. forbiolabs berkata:

    forbiolabs

    fatface debden boots basecap schwarz damen louis vuitton duffle bag purse black frame glasses in style chanel bolsas 2020 zapatillas vans botitas hombre

  6. VapingZone berkata:

    I manage a vape shop directory site and we have had a posting from a vape store in the United States that additionally offers CBD items. A Calendar month later, PayPal has contacted use to claim that our account has been limited and have asked us to remove PayPal as a payment method from our vape store directory site. We do not offer CBD products like CBD oil. We simply provide internet marketing professional services to CBD companies. I have looked into Holland & Barrett– the UK’s Reputable Health Retailer and if you take a good peek, you will witness that they offer a rather comprehensive stable of CBD goods, primarily CBD oil and they also happen to accept PayPal as a settlement method. It appears that PayPal is applying twos sets of rules to different companies. Due to this constraint, I can no longer accept PayPal on my CBD-related website. This has restrained my payment possibilities and now, I am heavily reliant on Cryptocurrency payments and direct bank transfers. I have sought advice from a lawyer from a Magic Circle law office in The city of london and they stated that what PayPal is doing is completely against the law and inequitable as it should be applying a consistent criterion to all companies. I am still to check with a different legal representative from a US law practice in London to see what PayPal’s legal position is in the USA. For the time being, I would be very appreciative if anyone here at targetdomain could provide me with substitute payment processors/merchants that deal with CBD companies.

  7. dfmembers berkata:

    dfmembers

    home kitchen place mats tools home improvement opener system parts baby girls jackets 3 industrial scientific die grinder wheels industrial scientific womens medical scrub sets 6 automotive cargo liners

  8. gridcalotas berkata:

    gridcalotas

    orlando magic throwback shirt pandora red string bracelet coque macbook pro 13 transparente duvet trek decathlon rieker clogs herren 46 icon kappe schwarz

  9. Bmxwfx berkata:

    cialis for sale without prescription – Brand viagra viagra pills price canada

  10. UK Schools berkata:

    Thank you ever so for you blog.Thanks Again. Great.

  11. ekytalk berkata:

    ekytalk

    nike huarache gray and blau size 4 infant jordans gold crystal dress salomon x pro 100 bayern munchen 7 ribery goalkeeper long sleeves mens adults 2016 2017 club soccer jerseys moncler shiny vest

  12. Dorinda Crabb berkata:

    Hi, its pleasant post on the topic of media print, we all understand media is a wonderful source of data.|

  13. tealsolar berkata:

    tealsolar

    size 42 in balenciaga blanc nike react phantom run flyknit 2 $140 winter dress neck designs nike jaguars 27 leonard fournette black alternate youth stitched nfl elite jersey nike roshe run svart and hvit speckled

  14. Is anyone in a position to recommend cheap Hydraulic Adaptors Business Mailing List? Thank you 😀

  15. Hi everyone , can anyone suggest where I can buy Koi CBD CBD Tincture Broad Spectrum Natural 250mg 3000mg?

  16. By way of introduction, I am Mark Schaefer, and I represent Nutritional Products International. We serve both international and domestic manufacturers who are seeking to gain more distribution within the United States. Your brand recently caught my attention, so I am contacting you today to discuss the possibility of expanding your national distribution reach.We provide expertise in all areas of distribution, and our offerings include the following: Turnkey/One-stop solution, Active accounts with major U.S. distributors and retailers, Our executive team held executive positions with Walmart and Amazon, Our proven sales force has public relations, branding, and marketing all under one roof, We focus on both new and existing product lines, Warehousing and logistics. Our company has a proven history of initiating accounts and placing orders with major distribution outlets. Our history allows us to have intimate and unique relationships with key buyers across the United States, thus giving your brand a fast track to market in a professional manner. Please contact me directly so that we can discuss your brand further. Kind Regards, Mark Schaefer, [email protected], VP of Business Development, Nutritional Products International, 101 Plaza Real S, Ste #224, Boca Raton, FL 33432, Office: 561-544-0719

  17. Fpghkq berkata:

    order accutane from canada – buy accutane online fast delivery accutane pills

  18. leblogfm berkata:

    leblogfm

    amazon princess dress up nike air force 1 schwarz jeans mariano rivera retirement hat billig muska skate shoes nike zoom vomero mens casual lehenga choli

  19. Pzlzoh berkata:

    20 mg prednisone generic – buy prednisone cheap prednisone 20 mg tablets

  20. usscanon berkata:

    usscanon

    industrial scientific recombinant proteins automotive body hammers dollies boys athletic skateboarding 8 home kitchen chair pads automotive torsion bars automotive tire covers 2

  21. Igelrd berkata:

    legitimate canadian pharmacy – rx pharmacy canada drugs coupon

  22. Aezkny berkata:

    ivermectin 12mg over counter – ivermectin us ivermectin over the counter

  23. Hello everyone ! can anyone advise where I can buy CBD Salve 1oz Limonene By Blue Moon Hemp?

  24. Is anyone able to recommend quality Electrical Timers B2B Business Data? Thanks 🙂

  25. theaudiovirus berkata:

    theaudiovirus

    air force 1 low blue nike lebron 8 schwarz and rot adidas gazelle future hydro noir nike free australia venta how to knit a baby hat on round needles youtube sherri hill dress 53498

  26. Izckwc berkata:

    casinos – casino money casino online games

  27. I really liked your blog.Much thanks again. Much obliged.

  28. burlingamefit berkata:

    burlingamefit

    long sleeve fit a flare mini 拧aty blu cashmere beanie black peep toe heels herren dress schuhe soft soles heavy duty hoesje for note 9 womens nike baltimore ravens 56 tim williams purple team color vapor untouchable limited player nfl jersey

  29. You made some nice points there. I did a search on the subject matter and found most guys will approve with your blog.

  30. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your blogs really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back later on. All the best|

  31. Pmsjgg berkata:

    stromectol for head lice – buy ivermectin 12 mg for humans ivermectin lotion 0.5

  32. WOW just what I was looking for. Came here by searching for meta_keyword|

  33. SEO berkata:

    It as very effortless to find out any matter on web as compared to books, as I found this paragraph at this web page.

  34. trendbet berkata:

    Very good blog post.Much thanks again. Cool.

  35. Gnrfmf berkata:

    where to buy amoxicilin – buy amoxil 1000mg uk purchase amoxil 250mg usa

  36. GC Vapors berkata:

    Has anyone ever tried Loaded E-Liquid Vaping ejuice?

  37. Safety Slogans berkata:

    veux garder ta que le monde tot il marchait, je ne

  38. fswriting berkata:

    fswriting

    new york yankees 2000 world series hat tour casablanca 327 new balance texas rangers snakeskin hat cost new balance 997 svart oransje wholesale washington capitals beanies lita medium michael kors

  39. med diagnostica berkata:

    Im obliged for the blog.Much thanks again. Want more.

  40. Jgzdtn berkata:

    buy accutane online uk – buy accutane online fast delivery accutane gel

  41. Many thanks for sharing this fine write-up. Very interesting ideas! (as always, btw)

  42. sowfine berkata:

    sowfine

    clarks leer tassen iphone 6 otterbox phone pouzdro b铆l媒 long boho 拧aty with sleeves best beanies for uomo black heels with small platform joomra schuhe

  43. onax 2mg berkata:

    Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this write-up and also the rest of the website is also really good.

  44. Neiiey berkata:

    where to buy prednisone without prescription – buy prednisone without prescription prednisone 10 mg generic

  45. birdeo berkata:

    birdeo

    iphone 6s plus full cover backpack to work nike underwear pack nike weight belt lanvin mini sugar bag nfl nike pittsburgh steelers 88 darrius heywardbey black rush pride name number t shirt

  46. I was recommended this website by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my difficulty. You are amazing! Thanks!

  47. Zahra berkata:

    where to buy cbd oil in bountiful utah

  48. Sung Deslauriers berkata:

    When some one searches for his essential thing, therefore he/she needs to be available that in detail, therefore that thing is maintained over here.|

  49. Kimi Turpin berkata:

    I am actually glad to glance at this weblog posts which contains tons of valuable information, thanks for providing such data.|

  50. Xscjuy berkata:

    buy prednisone with paypal – 5mg prednisone cost 50mg prednisone tablets

  51. figgyp berkata:

    figgyp

    home kitchen wine cellar cooling systems home kitchen table pads 3 home kitchen seasonal celebration candles boys athletic trail running 5 tools home improvement double end bits girls special occasion gloves 1

  52. sonnyk berkata:

    There is definately a lot to learn about this issue. I like all of the points you have made.

  53. Ayfrmu berkata:

    canadian pharmacy no scripts – canadian pharmacy world coupons canadian pharmacy meds

  54. Eric Mullins berkata:

    Thank you for sharing your thoughts. I really appreciate your efforts and I am waiting for your further write ups thank you once again.

  55. Norma Diaz berkata:

    iOS app developer blues | Craft Cocktail Rules

  56. It as nearly impossible to find well-informed people in this particular topic, however, you sound like you know what you are talking about! Thanks

  57. Esvhlc berkata:

    stromectol liquid – stromectol topical stromectol online

  58. Winifred Kopatz berkata:

    Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I’ve really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!|

  59. fantasyartz berkata:

    fantasyartz

    adidas ace 16 jaune fc barcelona gk kit for cheap air jordan 4 varsity rot 2012 new balance nubuck 574 sb sean cliver soccer players with number 23

  60. seo dubai berkata:

    This site was how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me. Cheers!

  61. Pvuexz berkata:

    ivermectin 6 mg for humans for sale – buy ivermectin pills buy ivermectin 6mg

  62. Pete Selover berkata:

    For latest information you have to go to see world-wide-web and on web I found this web site as a most excellent web page for most up-to-date updates.|

  63. pagealyze berkata:

    pagealyze

    hello kitty torba r贸偶owy macbook pro 13 inch 2018 case clear bread tassen apple silicone iphone xs pouzdro jovani 膷ern谩 a zlato prom 拧aty maroon phillies cappello

  64. zmorshki.in.ua berkata:

    Informative and precise Its hard to find informative and precise info but here I noted

  65. I don’t even know the way I finished up here, but I thought this publish was good. I do not know who you might be however definitely you are going to a well-known blogger if you aren’t already. Cheers!|

  66. jasonlinphoto berkata:

    jasonlinphoto

    adidas fitted cappello silver oxford platform shoes top rated herren running schuhe huawei mediapad m5 10.8 keyboard dekking youth nike dallas cowboys 33 tony dorsett limited black 2016 salute to service nfl jersey laptop messenger torebki

  67. Iozrgm berkata:

    viagra from india pharmacy – Overnight delivery viagra best place to buy viagra online

  68. Renae Newhall berkata:

    I’m really loving the theme/design of your weblog. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility issues? A small number of my blog visitors have complained about my website not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Chrome. Do you have any tips to help fix this problem?|

  69. Vape On berkata:

    I look after a vape shop submission site and we have had a listing from a vape shop in the United States that also offers CBD goods. A Calendar month later, PayPal has written to use to claim that our account has been restricted and have asked us to get rid of PayPal as a payment method from our vape store directory site. We do not sell CBD products such as CBD oil. We solely provide advertising and marketing solutions to CBD firms. I have taken a look at Holland & Barrett– the UK’s Top Wellness Retail store and if you take a good look, you will witness that they sell a fairly wide-ranging variety of CBD goods, specifically CBD oil and they also happen to accept PayPal as a settlement method. It appears that PayPal is applying contradictory standards to many different firms. As a result of this limitation, I can no longer accept PayPal on my CBD-related online site. This has constricted my payment options and currently, I am intensely contingent on Cryptocurrency payments and direct bank transfers. I have gotten in touch with a lawyer from a Magic Circle law office in The city of london and they explained that what PayPal is doing is entirely not legal and inequitable as it ought to be applying an uniform criterion to all companies. I am yet to check with another lawyer from a US law practice in The city of london to see what PayPal’s legal position is in the USA. In the meantime, I would be very appreciative if anyone here at targetdomain could offer me with alternative payment processors/merchants that deal with CBD companies.

  70. Nwtccq berkata:

    affordable essays – write research paper for me thesis website

  71. toptorah berkata:

    toptorah

    air force 1 low schwarz album adidas ultra boost silver buy online milwaukee brewers fathers day hat for cheap amazon michael kors tote bags air jordan 21 rosso nike air parace 1 high foamposite blanco negro hombres

  72. neticoa berkata:

    neticoa

    apple xr cover heren portemonnee drivers license window nokia 7 plus 360 kryt plus size bustier for wedding 拧aty boston bruins new era nhl logo stacker 9fifty snapback berretto clarks dalia sierra boots

  73. Great web site you’ve got here.. It’s hard to find high-quality writing
    like yours these days. I seriously appreciate people like
    you! Take care!! http://ciaalis2u.com/

  74. salestraks berkata:

    salestraks

    nike air huarache shoes military blue obsidian korea adidas yeezy boost 350 next release rate kansas city royals 13 salvador perez 2013 all star blue womens jersey air jordan future low black white mlb jerseys baltimore orioles 25 derrek lee black cool…

  75. Pgaxoe berkata:

    big fish casino online – real casino casino game

  76. I’m impressed, I must say. Seldom do I come across a blog that’s both equally educative and engaging,
    and let me tell you, you’ve hit the nail on the head.

    The issue is an issue that not enough men and women are speaking
    intelligently about. Now i’m very happy I found this during my search for something
    regarding this. http://harmonyhomesltd.com/Ivermectinum-during-pregnancy.html

  77. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Any way I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I
    achievement you access consistently quickly. http://harmonyhomesltd.com/Ivermectinum-tablets.html

  78. fotodifood berkata:

    fotodifood

    adidas ace 16 jaune fc barcelona gk kit for cheap air jordan 4 varsity rot 2012 new balance nubuck 574 sb sean cliver soccer players with number 23

  79. comunidadmh berkata:

    comunidadmh

    air jordan 2 grey nike dunk low pro blanc new york yankees mlb team classic 39thirty cap figurine michael kors mercer tri color new air jordan 11 all svart flyknit trainer all black

  80. Tfcsmi berkata:

    stromectol for sale online – can i buy ivermectin online ivermectin australia

  81. 안전놀이터 berkata:

    this yyour bbroadcast providd vivid clear idea

  82. Kcjmwj berkata:

    buy ivermectin 12mg – stromectol human stromectol brand

  83. Is anyone here in a position to recommend Sexy Costumes? Cheers xx

  84. Misha berkata:

    Is anyone here in a position to recommend Sprays and Shines? Cheers xx

  85. Igwwml berkata:

    tadalafil 5 mg – Approved cialis order generic cialis from canada

  86. Bpqvfl berkata:

    order real cialis – cheap cialis online tadalafil chewable

  87. sisdrog berkata:

    sisdrog

    nike magista onda nz billig game danny amendola womens jersey new england patriots 80 road white nfl nike tanjun yupoo usa rams colors football african beach dress adidas yeezy boost 650 triple black cheap white and green shoes billig

  88. Tigcvf berkata:

    online sildenafil citrate – viagra best price can i buy viagra over the counter canada

  89. Zsdjzn berkata:

    where can i buy viagra online in india – buy viagra maryland buy viagra pills canada

  90. By way of introduction, I am Mark Schaefer, and I represent Nutritional Products International. We serve both international and domestic manufacturers who are seeking to gain more distribution within the United States. Your brand recently caught my attention, so I am contacting you today to discuss the possibility of expanding your national distribution reach.We provide expertise in all areas of distribution, and our offerings include the following: Turnkey/One-stop solution, Active accounts with major U.S. distributors and retailers, Our executive team held executive positions with Walmart and Amazon, Our proven sales force has public relations, branding, and marketing all under one roof, We focus on both new and existing product lines, Warehousing and logistics. Our company has a proven history of initiating accounts and placing orders with major distribution outlets. Our history allows us to have intimate and unique relationships with key buyers across the United States, thus giving your brand a fast track to market in a professional manner. Please contact me directly so that we can discuss your brand further. Kind Regards, Mark Schaefer, [email protected], VP of Business Development, Nutritional Products International, 101 Plaza Real S, Ste #224, Boca Raton, FL 33432, Office: 561-544-0719

  91. Svbicy berkata:

    stromectol tablets – ivermectin buy canada stromectol 3mg cost

  92. Unifcs berkata:

    ventolin price usa – ventolin 90 mcg ventolin generic brand

  93. Best view i have ever seen !

  94. jilboobs berkata:

    Hurrah, that’s what I was looking for, what a stuff! existing here at this website, thanks admin of this web site.|

  95. Mobile recharge berkata:

    I like this post, very useful for mobile recharge. Check it for mobile top up

  96. Very interesting details you have mentioned , regards for putting up.

  97. izmirde nereye web tasarim yaptirilir

  98. web site tasarim nasil olmali

  99. Lyle Chaidy berkata:

    I seriously love your blog.. Great colors & theme. Did you make this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m hoping to create my own blog and want to know where you got this from or what the theme is named. Cheers!

  100. PRAKEMPA berkata:

    Paris Chase

    I found a great…

  101. izmirin en iyi web tasarim ajansi hangi firma

  102. web tasarim izmir ajanslari

  103. Telugu Reviews berkata:

    Really enjoyed this article.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

  104. Umbzjz berkata:

    impotence definition – drugs and medications erection pills

  105. Very good info. Lucky me I ran across your blog by accident (stumbleupon). I ave saved it for later!

  106. Free Website berkata:

    Please forgive my English.Wow, fantastic blog layout! How lengthy have you been running a blog for? you made blogging glance easy. The entire look of your website is fantastic, let alone the content!

  107. Regards for all your efforts that you have put in this. Very interesting information.

  108. Garfield Adling berkata:

    This page truly has all the information I needed about this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

  109. Mobile recharge berkata:

    WOw, cool, I have very interesting video, good for mobile top up

  110. Mobile recharge berkata:

    Very usefull information, good for mobile recharge

  111. PRAKEMPA berkata:

    Christiane Battiata

    I found a great…

  112. Some genuinely fantastic info , Gladiolus I detected this.

  113. nflstreams berkata:

    Sweet blog! I found it while searching on Yahoo News. Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Many thanks|

  114. Everything is very open with a precise clarification of the issues. It was truly informative. Your website is very useful. Thanks for sharing!

  115. Earn Online berkata:

    I simply could not leave your site before suggesting that I actually loved the usual information an individual provide to your guests? Is going to be back regularly to check out new posts.

  116. hollymackler berkata:

    hollymackler

    nike youth curley culp limited camo jersey tennessee titans nfl 78 rush realtree kipling union jack torba galaxy tab s2 protective case nike gym club training zak 90s cell phone pouzdro

  117. Wow! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a entirely
    different topic but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Great choice of colors! https://buszcentrum.com/priligy.htm

  118. Oabwlw berkata:

    stromectol ivermectin – stromectol cost australia buy oral ivermectin

  119. Pretty! This has been an extremely wonderful article. Thanks for providing this info.

  120. game judi online berkata:

    It as truly a cool and beneficial piece of data. I am content that you simply just shared this valuable information and facts with us. Please preserve us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  121. mersin escort berkata:

    the time to study or take a look at the material or internet sites we have linked to below the

  122. best p spot toy berkata:

    usually posts some extremely fascinating stuff like this. If you are new to this site

  123. Really informative blog article.Much thanks again. Want more.

  124. just beneath, are many absolutely not connected web sites to ours, on the other hand, they may be certainly really worth going over

  125. Slot Online berkata:

    BoomSlot Adalah merupakan tempat Rekomendasi promosi situs agen Judi Togel Online ,Slot Online,Sportbook,
    Casino Online Terpercaya & Situs Paling Aman,Fast Respon,Terbesar,Terbaik dan Terpercaya di
    Seluruh Pelosok Indonesia

  126. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated data, nevertheless really really worth taking a appear, whoa did one particular understand about Mid East has got additional problerms also

  127. Tbhckc berkata:

    buy generic cialis – Low price cialis cialis singapore

  128. Heck! PRAKEMPA « madearyawan
    Trained, adults, unexplored and unsophisticated prostitutes in Kiev. Penny-pinching and expensive municipality sluts pro sex. Verified photos. Phone numbers connected to Viber and Vatsap. Departure of prostitutes to your motor hotel or home. Services: anal mating, enunciated sex, blowjob without a condom, cunnilingus, escort.

  129. By way of introduction, I am Mark Schaefer, and I represent Nutritional Products International. We serve both international and domestic manufacturers who are seeking to gain more distribution within the United States. Your brand recently caught my attention, so I am contacting you today to discuss the possibility of expanding your national distribution reach.We provide expertise in all areas of distribution, and our offerings include the following: Turnkey/One-stop solution, Active accounts with major U.S. distributors and retailers, Our executive team held executive positions with Walmart and Amazon, Our proven sales force has public relations, branding, and marketing all under one roof, We focus on both new and existing product lines, Warehousing and logistics. Our company has a proven history of initiating accounts and placing orders with major distribution outlets. Our history allows us to have intimate and unique relationships with key buyers across the United States, thus giving your brand a fast track to market in a professional manner. Please contact me directly so that we can discuss your brand further. Kind Regards, Mark Schaefer, [email protected], VP of Business Development, Nutritional Products International, 101 Plaza Real S, Ste #224, Boca Raton, FL 33432, Office: 561-544-0719

  130. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a couple of unrelated information, nevertheless genuinely really worth taking a look, whoa did one understand about Mid East has got much more problerms also

  131. just beneath, are several entirely not associated web sites to ours, on the other hand, they’re certainly worth going over

  132. stromectol dosage pediatrics

    explore glycemic load dream

  133. very handful of internet sites that occur to become in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly very well worth checking out

  134. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a couple of unrelated data, nevertheless seriously really worth taking a search, whoa did 1 learn about Mid East has got additional problerms also

  135. Veolqk berkata:

    viagra otc usa – sildenafil 25 mg prices sildenafil online cheap

  136. Almeta Hikel berkata:

    Great information. Lucky me I discovered your blog by chance (stumbleupon). I have book marked it for later!

  137. Here is a good Blog You might Obtain Interesting that we Encourage You

  138. to read more berkata:

    Title It as really a great and useful piece of information. I am glad that you shared this helpful information with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  139. PRAKEMPA berkata:

    Kip Whisted

    I found a great…

  140. usually posts some pretty fascinating stuff like this. If you are new to this site

  141. Good Afternoon everybody ! can anyone recommend where I can buy Mango Flavored Tincture By Hugs?

  142. buy cheap drugs berkata:

    Wonderful, what a blog it is! This blog provides helpful data to us, keep it up.|

  143. I-601 berkata:

    Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your website is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this website. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject.

  144. tinyurl.com berkata:

    It’s really a great and helpful piece of information. I am satisfied that you shared this helpful information with us.
    Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  145. Kari Bartolini berkata:

    Aw, this was a really nice post. In idea I would like to put in writing like this moreover – taking time and precise effort to make an excellent article… but what can I say… I procrastinate alot and not at all appear to get something done.

  146. please check out the sites we follow, like this a single, as it represents our picks through the web

  147. Every when in a even though we opt for blogs that we study. Listed beneath would be the latest web pages that we pick

  148. male toys berkata:

    the time to read or visit the subject material or sites we’ve linked to below the

  149. Sjkrlh berkata:

    prednisone 2 tablets daily – prednisone 20mg pills prednisone purchase online

  150. Looking forward to reading more. Great post.Really thank you! Awesome.

  151. Thank you for your article.Much thanks again. Really Cool.

  152. we came across a cool web site that you simply might take pleasure in. Take a appear when you want

  153. vibrator berkata:

    Here is a superb Blog You might Uncover Interesting that we Encourage You

  154. happyluke berkata:

    Here are a number of the internet sites we advise for our visitors

  155. دانا حمل berkata:

    I was suggested this web site by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my trouble. You are amazing! Thanks!

  156. I as well as my friends ended up going through the best tips found on your web blog then at once came up with a terrible feeling I never thanked you for those techniques. These guys had been so stimulated to study all of them and have now really been enjoying those things. Thank you for getting well thoughtful and then for finding this sort of marvelous areas most people are really desperate to understand about. Our sincere regret for not saying thanks to sooner.