Mahabaratha

This post was written by winagunawan on Mei 21, 2012
Posted Under: Tulisan

Di dalam kisah pertempuran Mahabaratha yang memakai gamelan adalah pertempurannya. Ikhtisar Mahabarata, dari episode Pertemuan dihari Pertama sampai dengan episode Akhirnya Duryodhana Juga Tewas. Selain daripada itu juga terdapat beberapa interpretasi yang tertuang dalam bentuk diskusi dan analisis. Untuk lebih jelas materi tersebut, maka berikut ini akan mengulang kembali beberapa pokok pikiran itu dalam bentuk rangkuman seperti di bawah ini.

Ikhtisar-ikhtisar tersebut lebih banyak menguraikan tentang pertempuran besar antara Pandawa melawan Kaurawa di Medan Kurukshetra. Dari pertempuran ini terlukis jelas nilai-nilai kepahlawanan kedua belah pihak, baik yang ditumbuhkan dari sifat-sifat serakah, angkuh, irihati dan lain sebagainya maupun sifat kepahlawanan yang ditumbuhkan oleh kekuatan Dharma dan keadilan.

Ketika berlangsungnya peperangan dihari pertama, Pandawa menderita kekalahan yang amat besar. Kemudian pada hari kedua dan selanjutnya Pandawa selalu unggul, mereka berhasil memporakporandakan semua formasi yang digunakan oleh Kaurawa. Meskipun Abhimanyu, Gatotkaca dan juga semua putra  mereka yang lahir dari Draupadi gugur, namun semangat perjuangan mereka tidak pernah luntur untuk membasmi segala kejahatan Kaurawa, demi tegaknya Dharma dan keadilan.

Sebetulnya kemenangan Pandawa besar sekali dipenan garuhi oleh Krishna, pengemudi kereta Arjuna. Adanya Krishna di pihak Pandawa menjadikan Pandawa terlindung dari segala hal bencana maut. Di saat-saat kritis seperti misalnya; dalam Pandawa menghadapi Bhishma, Drona, Karna dan juga Salya serta Duryodhana, ternyata Krishna tidak saja bertugas sebagai pengemudi kereta Arjuna, namun juga sebagai penasehat dan sumber taktik perang Pandawa.

Sumpah Shikandin dan beberapa Pahlawan besar Pandawa yang isinya akan membunuh pahlawan-pahlawan kenamaan Kaurawa semuanya berhasil dilaksanakan dengan baik. Shikandin dibantu Arjuna berhasil menewaskan Bhishma, Dhristadyumna berhasil mennewaskan Drona, Bhimasena membunuh Dhursasana dan sekaligus meminum darahnya, selain itu Bhima juga membunuh Duryodhana, Arjuna berhasil menewaskan Jayadratha sebelum matahari terbenam.

Peperangan yang terjadi antara Pandawa dan Kurawa tidak bedanya dengan peperangan antara Dharma melawan Adharma. Pandawa yang berada di pihak Dharma sedang Kurawa di pihak Adharma. Meskipun tidak sedikit korban yang berjatuhan dari kedua belah pihak, namun tetap tidak dapat dipungkiri bahwa Pandawa yang berada di pihak Dharma berhasil memperoleh kemenangan atas Kurawa yang berada di pihak Adharma itu. Sebenarnya hancur dan hangusnya Kurawa adalah disebabkan oleh hasil perbuatan mereka sendiri yang penuh diliputi oleh nafsu dan ambisi akan kekuasaan.

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